Punjabi is a very rich language, the mastery of which can lead to the appreciation of popular Punjabi literature and the understanding of the unique messages of the Siri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. The ability to speak and understand Punjabi also enables children to communicate fluently with their parents, grandparents and extended family.
At Guru Nanak Sikh Academy, we truly believe that Punjabi is one of the most important subjects in the school curriculum. We use excellent resources to support the subject and offer a variety of extra-curricular activities. Students are encouraged to write their own poems, participate in competitions and perform at the annual Talent and Cultural Show in front of friends and family. There are also numerous opportunities provided for students to understand spiritual, moral and cultural issues.
In the Primary Phase, the support provided is focused on listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. Pupils are taught to listen attentively to spoken language and show understanding by joining in and responding. They explore the patterns and sounds of language through songs and rhymes. Pupils are encouraged to speak in sentences, using familiar vocabulary, phrases and basic language structures to engage in conversations. Proper guidance is given on the pronunciation of different sounds, recognition and formation of letters and the joining of different letters to form words. Children’s ability is closely monitored to enable them to progress on their personal academic journey.
For both key stages children are taught the following:
- Reception children develop their listening and understanding skills by learning Punjabi numbers, body parts, fruits and vegetables through rhymes/songs.
- Children learn new vocabulary by talking about their daily routine and listening, understanding and interpreting Punjabi stories.
- The children learn how to read, write and recognise first ten letters of Punjabi alphabet.
YEAR 1: -
- Children learn to read and write all of the Punjabi alphabet.
- They learn the correct pronunciation and the phonetic sounds of each Punjabi letter.
- The children are introduced to Mukta and Kanna words.
- They develop sentence structure while talking about human body, fruit and vegetables, colours, number and shape in Punjabi.
- They begin to understand masculine and feminine words.
- Children learn Mukta, Kanna, Sihari, Bihari, Aunkar and Dulainkar words, blending the sounds.
- They develop speaking skills while talking about fruits, vegetables, months, days of the week, favourite food, numbers and colours in Punjabi using time connectives.
- Children learn the skill of interpretation while listening to different stories in Punjabi.
- They will begin to use the past, present and future tense while talking about their summer activities.
- In year 3, children will develop their speaking and listening skills while talking about School, Home life, Numbers, Directions and All About Me, expressing their likes/ dislikes in Punjabi using adjectives and time connectives.
- They will recap the Punjabi Alphabet and learn the function of all the Punjabi matras e.g. Sihari/ Bihari and Aunkar.
- In year 4 children learn how to tell time in Punjabi.
- They learn how to read and write words and sentences.
- They are introduced to and describe shapes in Punjabi.
- The children begin to talk about how young and elderly people spend their free time as well as talking about future plans and holidays.
- They will take part in free reading and writing.
YEAR 5 :-
- In year 5 the children learn about family in Punjabi, understanding relations on both Mum’s and Dad’s side.
- They will learn how to describe different parts of the house and also learn about shopping, understanding new vocabulary about food, clothes and furniture.
- The children will discuss transport, including the advantages and disadvantages of land, water and air transport.
- They will learn about their local area including its location, community, food from different cultures and places of worship.
- Finally they will discuss different occupations including the role of a teacher, doctor, postman and ambulance staff.
- Children will learn to talk about themselves, introducing and describing themselves as well as discussing their hobbies and personal identity.
- They will learn about the environment, thinking about reducing, recycling and reusing.
- They will further their understanding of vocabulary for the family, both describing and discussing the role of the elderly.
- The children will think about lifestyles including healthy and unhealthy choices.
- They will discuss the seasons including the weather, clothes, months, festivals and learn the use of I, me and mine in Punjabi.
- Finally, they will learn key vocabulary about school, subjects, dinner and the timetable.
Informal assessments take place during lessons. Formal assessments are every term for speaking, reading & writing and targets are set for students to progress.